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What is the SAM “vetting” process?

Understanding the SAM “Vetting” Process

The System for Award Management (SAM) “vetting” process is a crucial step in ensuring the legitimacy and eligibility of entities seeking to register for government contracting opportunities. Vetting refers to the thorough examination, verification, and validation of the information provided by businesses during the registration process. The primary goal of the vetting process is to maintain the integrity of the government contracting system by preventing fraudulent activities and ensuring that only qualified entities participate in federal contracts, grants, and other procurement opportunities.

Key Steps in the SAM Vetting Process

The SAM vetting process involves several key steps designed to verify the accuracy of the information provided by entities during registration:

1. Submission of Information

Entities seeking to participate in government contracting must submit detailed information about their organization, including legal names, Taxpayer Identification Numbers (TINs), D-U-N-S numbers, business addresses, and more. This information forms the basis for the vetting process.

2. Cross-Referencing with External Databases

During the vetting process, the information provided in the SAM registration is cross-referenced with external databases, including the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the Dun & Bradstreet database. This step ensures that the information aligns with official records and that there are no discrepancies.

3. Validation of Documentation

Entities are often required to submit supporting documentation to validate the information provided in their SAM registration. This documentation may include business licenses, articles of incorporation, tax forms, and certifications. The vetting process involves reviewing these documents to ensure their authenticity.

4. Background Checks

In certain cases, the vetting process may involve background checks on key personnel within the entity. This step helps verify the individuals’ identities and assesses whether they have a history that could impact their eligibility for government contracts.

5. Detection of Red Flags

The vetting process includes mechanisms to detect potential red flags or irregularities that could indicate fraudulent activities. These red flags could include inconsistencies in information, unusual patterns, or discrepancies between different databases.

6. Approval or Rejection

Based on the results of the vetting process, entities’ SAM registrations are either approved or rejected. If the information provided is accurate, complete, and aligns with external databases, the registration is typically approved. However, if discrepancies or issues are identified, the registration may be rejected until the problems are resolved.

Importance of the SAM Vetting Process

The SAM vetting process plays a critical role in maintaining the credibility and trustworthiness of the government contracting system. By thoroughly examining the information and validating the eligibility of entities, the process helps ensure that only legitimate businesses with genuine qualifications can participate in federal procurement opportunities. This, in turn, enhances the fairness and transparency of the government contracting process and prevents instances of fraud and abuse.


The SAM “vetting” process is a comprehensive and rigorous examination of the information provided by entities seeking to participate in government contracting. By verifying the accuracy of the data, cross-referencing with external databases, and conducting background checks, the process helps maintain the integrity of the government procurement system. For businesses looking to engage in government contracts, understanding and complying with the SAM vetting process is essential to ensuring eligibility and credibility.

If You Still Need Help:

Contact the FPR Help Desk through the following methods:
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